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«Вопросы философии и психологии» – научный гуманитарный журнал.

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Издается с 1889 года.

3 September 03, 2016

Articles and Statements

1. Sergey N. Koskov
Тhe Worldview Program of Christianity as the Basis of Identity of European Culture

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2016, Vol. (9), Is. 3, pp. 104-113.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2016.9.104CrossRef

This article is dedicated to understanding the tenets of the Christian worldview as the basis for the formation of European culture, its identity. In it reveals the contents of such a new category of philosophy as a philosophical program. To reveal the new philosophical categories have been introduced to the concepts of worldview, values, Christian worldview, Christian values, Christian worldview program, the definitions of these concepts. Christian ideological meanings represented historically and logically as the Foundation of European culture. In the period of its formation (Antiquity, middle Ages) and modern European culture, it is fundamentally important as it is experiencing not just a crisis of its values and philosophical grounds , but in fact the question is about whether to continue it or not. The Christian worldview meanings, without which European culture is impossible, is subjected not just to criticism, and the ideological program of denial, obstruction: using the default values of worldview software values for European culture, for the matrix of the European «feeling the life», via substitution, displacement, substitution of traditional European social values completely alien to the Christian worldview so for the European world values.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1471688474.pdf
Number of views: 835      Download in PDF

2. Sergey A. Lebedev
Methodology of Science and General-Scientific Methods of Research

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2016, Vol. (9), Is. 3, pp. 114-125.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2016.9.114CrossRef

The article analyzes three philosophical problems of science: the concept of the scientific method, the structure of the contemporary methodology of science and the status of general-scientific methods of cognition. Substantiates the following provisions: (1) the term "method of science" does not have a single denotation, and refers to many different scientific methods that are applied in all fields of science, regardless of their content, as well as at all levels of scientific knowledge; (2) modern methodology of scientific cognition consists of two main parts: description of scientific methods and description specially scientific methods: either a methods of particular area of science (mathematics, logic, natural sciences, social sciences and humanities, technical sciences), or a methods of particular level of scientific knowledge (sensual, empirical, theoretical, metatheoretical); (3) a set of general-scientific methods of modern science performs the function of a universal method of science, which was previously given to the different philosophical methods [15].

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1471688536.pdf
Number of views: 778      Download in PDF

3. Sergey A. Lebedev
Postnonclassical Philosophy of Science: Critical Analysis

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2016, Vol. (9), Is. 3, pp. 126-137.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2016.9.126CrossRef

The article is reconstructed the conceptual nucleus modern stage of the philosophy of science, its concretizations in a series of different conceptions of the structure and dynamics of scientific knowledge, critical analysis of the main provisions, as the core of this phase and its different variants or individual versions. Among them, special attention was paid to the disclosure of the nature and content of the such conceptions of post-non-classical paradigm of science as the theory of the dynamics of scientific knowledge T. Kuhn, the cognitive sociology of science, the cultural-historical theory of the functioning and development of science and scientific knowledge, the case-studies, the radical constructivism, the poststructuralist interpretation of the process of scientific knowledge and its dynamics. In the result of the analysis noted as strengths of each of these conceptions and their fundamental epistemological flaws. Identified weaknesses of these conceptions will make quite a reasonable conclusion: none of these conceptions as individually as collectively are not adequate to the real process of scientific cognition and the actual patterns in the dynamics of scientific knowledge. The establishment of such adequate theory has yet in the future. But the foundation for this in the framework of the post-non-classical philosophy of science has already been created. Now must be the essential synthesis of the rational ideas of existing conceptions post-non-classical philosophy of science. But this synthesis is only possible within a broader and at the same time, a deeper epistemological framework than it was presented post-non-classical philosophy of science. The author believes that the function of such a platform could provide the positive-dialectical philosophical concept of the structure and dynamics of scientific knowledge.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1471688590.pdf
Number of views: 748      Download in PDF

4. Elena A. Volodarskaya, Roman V. Kozyakov
Communicative Competence as a Factor of Success of the Educational Process

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2016, Vol. (9), Is. 3, pp. 138-141.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2016.9.138CrossRef

The article focuses on the role of communication skills in the pedagogical communication between student and teacher. It discusses the features of development of communicative competence as an important professional competence. The article describes the results of the use of the training program on formation of communicative skills of students in their learning process in the University. The problem of effective communicative activity has acquired a lot of significance recently. Today new requirements are put forward before professional competence of specialists (A.K. Mitina, A.A. Derkach, E.A. Klimov, L.M. Mitina and others). In modern society, it is necessary to prepare a specialist with scientific skills of communication, able to take creative decisions with full responsibility (a communicatively competent professional). Recently there have emerged a number of terms close to the notion of communicative competence: “competence of interaction” (L.A. Petrovskaya, Yu.M. Zhukov and others); “communicative abilities” (M.K. Kabardov, A.A. Kidron); “communicative nucleus” (A.A. Bodalev); “communicative potential” (R.A. Maksimova).

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1471688678.pdf
Number of views: 785      Download in PDF

5. Vladimir A. Vorontsov
The Natural Origins of Mathematics and its Role in the Psychogenesis

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2016, Vol. (9), Is. 3, pp. 142-148.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2016.9.142CrossRef

Understanding the natural forms of geometric modeling, methods of introducing them to the culture allowed to understand the nature of myth, mythological consciousness, as well as to ascertain the fundamental role of geometric modeling in psychogenesis. Initially and traditionally geometric modeling senses (first signaling system) are introduced into the culture of their mothers. Mother is widely used these models in the earliest stages of socialization, enculturation babies. Geometric models allow us to establish a process to communicate with babies, to attach them to other sign systems. Through these models, children learn to measure, count, mean, think and empathize, sympathize, be aware.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1471688766.pdf
Number of views: 798      Download in PDF

full number
URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1471688793.pdf
Number of views: 865      Download in PDF

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