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«Вопросы философии и психологии» – научный гуманитарный журнал.

E-ISSN 2414-0856

Периодичность – 2 раза в год.

Издается с 1889 года.

1 March 20, 2018


Articles and Statements

1. Fedor I. Girenok
Kandinsky: Philosophy of Eternal Artistry of the Person

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2018, 5(1): 3-11.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2018.1.3CrossRef

Abstract:
In article the philosophy of painting of Wassily Kandinsky is investigated. The author carries out the comparative analysis of the American school of vanguard and the Russian school of vanguard. The vanguard, according to the author of article, is refusal of the artist of a subject in art. It forbids to learn and be surprised. In the author's opinion articles, Kandinsky makes Copernican revolution in art. He pays attention not to subjects which surround it, and on prototypes which are possessed by his soul. Kandinsky differs from the American abstract artists in that he erases border between art and philosophy. Whereas the American abstractionism erases border between art and not-art. The American school of vanguard understands art as action. The Russian school of vanguard understands art as philosophy. Kandinsky, answering a question "That there is an art?", becomes the philosopher. In research the idea that art is continuously lasting movement of the artist to a prelanguage condition of the person is introduced. The philosophy of the Russian vanguard recognizes that the person is involved eternal artistry, and his soul is as Kandinsky speaks, the shining point in geometry of a black circle.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1525689424.pdf
Number of views: 61      Download in PDF


2. Yury D. Granin
Globalization and its Historical Forms. Social and Philosophical Interpretation

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2018, 5(1): 12-23.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2018.1.12CrossRef

Abstract:
The article analyses the socio-philosophical meaning of the term «globalization», the diversity of historical forms of globalization humanity. One of the last and most successful historical forms of globalization was the «Euro-Atlantic» unification model of humanity, dubbed the «westernization». But the future of globalization is not associated with the inevitable westernization of the «second» world. The current wave of globalization induces major regional powers to produce their own, cultural and other forms of global strategies to prevent its spread in the form of «westernization».

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1525689542.pdf
Number of views: 59      Download in PDF


3. Sеrgey A. Lebedev
The Problem of Scientific Method in the First Positivism

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2018, 5(1): 24-36.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2018.1.24CrossRef

Abstract:
Positivism as a special area of the philosophy of science emerged in the 30s of XIX century. It was founded by Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer and J.St. Mill. Comte developed the overall concept of the nature of scientific knowledge, it differs from all other kinds of knowledge, and above all, philosophical and religious. Spencer developed the ontology of science, J.St. Mill – the logic and methodology of science. In general methodological positivism of the first program is known as "classic inductivism". According inductivism main task of science is the discovery of causal laws and the proof of their truth, and the method that is able to perform this function is the induction, but not enumerative, and induction through the proof of the falsity of all the competing assumptions about the true reasons for the law, but one. Eliminative induction methods have been developed J.St. Mill in his famous work "The system of syllogistic logic and inductive". Mill believed that he was able to build an inductive logic as logic of discovery and proof of causal laws of science. However, a critique analysis of the cognitive capacity the induction by elimination J.St. Mill practiced already by his contemporaries (St. Jevons, L. Rutkowski, W. Whewell and others), demonstrated the invalidity of claims of Mill to create the logic of discovery and proof of scientific laws. It has been shown that evidence-based opportunities through the elimination induction does not exceed the capacity of enumerative induction and that the destiny of any induction – no proof, but at best only a confirmation of scientific laws, and in general any of the general concepts and theories. The method of the opening of the general scientific hypotheses is not induction, but the hypothesis on the basis of cognitive experience and intuition of the scientist. It became apparent to many scientists and philosophers of science by the 70s of XIX century. This result meant a methodological inconsistency early ("first") positivism. However, from this it does not follow the failure of the general ideas of positivism, his interpretation of scientific knowledge as a purely empirical knowledge of its contents and the sufficiency of science as a special way of knowing reality. As a result, in the course of its evolution, to replace the first positivism comes second positivism, which abandons the first methodology of positivism, but remains faithful to all the general ideas of positivism. The main options for the second positivism will empiriocriticism of Mach and conventionalism of Poincare.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1525689615.pdf
Number of views: 70      Download in PDF


4. Natalya N. Rostova
Metaphysical Painting of Giorgio de Chirico and F. Nietzsche's Philosophy

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2018, 5(1): 37-45.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2018.1.37CrossRef

Abstract:
In article works of the Italian artist of the XX century Giorgio de Chirico are analyzed. According to the author of article, de Chirico treats a group of artists in the person of which art began to apply for thought. Addressing to concrete cloths of the artist and his manifestos, the author of article investigates the content of metaphysical painting and its communication with Nietzsche's ideas about the overman and eternal return. The author comes to a conclusion that in the first case de Chirico is the follower Nietzsche who before philosophers of the XX century addressed to idea of death of the person. And in the second case, contrary to the standard opinion, it is only conditionally connected with a nietzscheanism. The essence of the concept of eternal return is reduced to idea of equality various. Everything that is, will be that what it is because it doesn't move to any purpose and isn't set by sense. Works of the artist can be correlated only to idea of return to themselves which meets at Nietzsche. The world is a foreign land, and you in it are always abandoned. Loneliness – your house and your authenticity.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1525689657.pdf
Number of views: 57      Download in PDF


5. Elena A. Volodarskaya
Рsychological Characteristics of Pedagogical Activity of Scientists

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2018, 5(1): 46-50.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2018.1.46CrossRef

Abstract:
The article reveals the scientist’s competences necessary for pedagogical activity. The focus of attention is shifted to the ratio of the requirements for a successful teacher and the didactic potential of scientific activity. It is suggested that in the context of the integration of science and education, the research capital of a scientist is in demand in the educational space. Appeal to pedagogical abilities, important for the success of the teacher, allows us to highlight some actual requirements for the scientist. Firstly, they are communicative abilities, by which are meant the ability to communicate, the ability to find an approach to students, to build trustful dialogue. The problem of scientific communication is traditional for socio-psychological study. This implies the development of a communicative skill, the skills of persuasive impact, the resolution of conflicts within the negotiation process. These competences are mostly new to the traditional scientist. Secondly, they are didactic abilities that make it possible to intelligently present the knowledge, stimulate interest in the subject, stimulate students 'cognitive activity, the ability to organize students' independent work, and form their need for independent knowledge acquisition. Our research shows that in a situation where it is necessary to obtain reliable information about science, respondents are more likely to trust a scientist who has his own experience of research than a journalist specializing in scientific journalism.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1525689747.pdf
Number of views: 61      Download in PDF


Reviews

6. Nikolay N. Gubanov, Nikolay I. Gubanov
S. Lebedev. Brief dictionary on the methodology of scientific knowledge: teaching and methodological manual. Moscow: MGTU N.E. Bauman. 2017. 99 p.

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2018, 5(1): 51-56.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2018.1.51CrossRef

Abstract:
The subject of article is analyses of the structure and the concern of the book, which is the first of Russian philosophy dictionary for methodology of scientific cognition (Лебедев, 2017). The dictionary is written as the necessity adoption for the textbook “The course of lectures on the methodology of scientific knowledge” prof. S.A. Lebedev for magister of MGTU N.E. Bauman (Лебедев, 2016). The dictionary and the textbook словарь is the whole меthodic complex of the new discipline for magister of all specialities. The main task of the dictionary is description in clear form concern of all categories methodology of scientific cognition, knowledge of which is the necessity factor for modern methodological culture for beginning scientists.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1525689857.pdf
Number of views: 74      Download in PDF


7.
full number
URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1525689886.pdf
Number of views: 61      Download in PDF





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