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«Вопросы философии и психологии» – научный гуманитарный журнал.

E-ISSN 2414-0856

Периодичность – 1 раз в год.

Издается с 2014 года.

1 March 15, 2019

Articles and Statements

1. Marcos Alonso Fernández
Memory and Identity: Some Remarks from Neuroscience

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2019, 6(1): 3-7.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2019.1.3CrossRef

Memory has always been understood as the basis of human identity. However, current neuroscientific data about how our brain creates memories makes it problematic to maintain certain identity theories, particularly the psychological view on identity. In this paper we will expose this neuroscientific data regarding memory, how it should affect the debate around identity, and the consequences of this discussion for ethics as a whole.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1557922975.pdf
Number of views: 204      Download in PDF

2. Fedor I. Girenok
Philosophical Origins of Inhuman Anthropology

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2019, 6(1): 8-13.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2019.1.8CrossRef

The article analyzes the philosophical origins of inhuman anthropology. Under inhuman anthropology the author understands the movement of modern philosophy to new materialism. It is headed by Agamben, Simondon, Descola, de Castro, Latour, Harman, Meyasu. Within this movement conceptualizers hybrid creatures, inhumane hospitality, indigenous cosmology, post-humanism, cyborgs, women, animals and barbarians. The author considers the Greek myth about the centaur as well as the philosophy of Aristotle to be the origins of inhuman anthropology. Critics of the inhuman anthropology is the philosophy of Heidegger. The author explores in detail the philosophy of Aristotle and concludes that his views have given rise to modern philosophers to bring man and animal together. Analyzing the philosophy of Heidegger, the author comes to the conclusion that Heidegger objects to humanization of the animal and animalization of man. And at the same time it creates a new boundary between being and man.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1557923028.pdf
Number of views: 216      Download in PDF

3. Yury D. Granin
State as Factor of Civilization Evolution of Russia

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2019, 6(1): 14-27.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2019.1.14CrossRef

The article deals with the analysis the problem of civilization ownership of Russia in the historical range from Kievan Rus' to the modern Russian Federation. It is solved on the basis of use of the author's (institutional) version of civilization approach. According to it, "the universal states" – "kingdoms" and "empires" were the most important factor of formation and development of civilizations, their interaction and the competition. Studying formation and development of the Moscow kingdom, the Russian Empire and the USSR, the author comes to a conclusion that historically these political forms had three civilization embodiments: "an orthodox civilization", "a hybrid civilization moderny like"Romanov' empires and the "Soviet civilization" representing special type of industrial development. Modern Russia, certainly inherits it. But it doesn’t have political and religious metaideology uniting the people, and in contrast to the United States, it doesn’t claim on global domination. More likely, it represents civilization to a pseudomorphosis, fancifully combining elements of antiquity, the Soviet past and the present. In the conditions of geopolitical loneliness of Russia, its prospect are connected with system modernization of the country on the basis of own civilization model allowing (like China, India and Japan) to develop effective strategies of development alternative to the western modernism.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1557923100.pdf
Number of views: 194      Download in PDF

4. Nikolai I. Gubanov, Nikolay N. Gubanov
Synthetic Concept of Truth: Development Prospects

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2019, 6(1): 28-35.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2019.1.28CrossRef

Some philosophers are unjustified in their attempts to remove the category of truth from philosophy and science and to replace it with the concepts of sense, validity, and plausibility. This paper considers classical and non-classical concepts of truth. The paper aims to substantiate the hypothesis about the possibility of synthesizing rational features of existing concepts and creating a universal (general) theory of truth. This theory can be built on the concept of correspondence, since only here the essence of truth is defined as knowledge corresponding to reality. Other concepts reflect, with varying degrees of accuracy, different characteristics of true knowledge, the conditions for its acquisition, justification, acceptance in the scientific community, functioning, use, and in some cases equate the essence of truth with its criterion.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1557923156.pdf
Number of views: 202      Download in PDF

5. Sergey A. Lebedev, Sergey N. Kos’kov
The Problem of Scientific Method in the Second Positivism

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2019, 6(1): 36-49.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2019.1.36CrossRef

In 70-ies of the XIX century to replace the first positivism in the philosophy of science comes second positivism, the main representatives of which were well-known Austrian physicist and historian of science, Ernst Mach and the eminent French mathematician and physicist Henri Poincare. Continuity second positivism in relation to the first was two points. Firstly, it is the denial of the scientific nature of the entire classical ("metaphysical") philosophy (from Plato to Hegel, etc.); secondly, in the empiricist interpretation of the nature and content of scientific knowledge. Major differences between the first and second positivism were also two: firstly, representatives of the second positivism believed that in science there is no pure empirical knowledge, not dependent on any theory, and secondly, that the possible discovery and evidence of scientific logic laws and theories. According to representatives of the positivism of the second process of opening scientific laws is not logical, but the psychological process, where the decisive role played by experience, intuition and creativity of the scientist. And secondly, and the process of making scientific hypotheses are not governed by purely methodological rules and is a product of a convention of scientists (Poincare), or governed by considerations of economy of thought, when at the same explanatory power of scientific hypotheses are preferred the most simple of them in meaningful plane. However, a clear elimination representatives of the second positivism role of methodological control in the processes of discovery and justification of scientific knowledge had as its inevitable consequence of excessive subjectivization process of scientific knowledge and the negation of his natural character (internal logic of development), as well as its objective determination (the object of study and the social context of knowledge).

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1557923210.pdf
Number of views: 224      Download in PDF

6. Natalya N. Rostova
Opposition «Human and Technology» as a Problem of Modern Philosophy

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2019, 6(1): 50-59.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2019.1.50CrossRef

The article analyzes the problem of the relationship between human and technology in the modern world. The modern situation is characterized by the fact that the development of technology makes our lives not just convenient or comfortable, but changes the person. The status of a person today is questioned: is there something uniquely human that cannot be replaced by a machine or an algorithm? The author investigates the attitude to this problem in three spheres – religion, philosophy and art. Religion shows a tendency to hide the mysterial space in favor of the digital. Art, distancing itself from philosophy, is not able to work with such fundamental problems as the relationship between human and artificial intelligence, the сreator and the program. Western philosophy today, taking the position of anti-anthropocentrism, moves along the path of removing the boundaries between human and non-human, including between human and technology. The author examines in detail the logic of removing these boundaries on the example of the philosophy of Nancy and Simondon. Russian philosophy, remaining on the positions of anthropocentrism, draws a clear line between human and technology, conceptualizing the difference between consciousness and intelligence. The author comes to the conclusion that modern technology is a voluntary refusal of a person from himself.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1557923263.pdf
Number of views: 217      Download in PDF

7. Elena A. Volodarskaya
Creativity as a Professionally Important Quality of Employees of Helping Professions

Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 2019, 6(1): 60-63.
DOI: 10.13187/vfp.2019.1.60CrossRef

The article reveals approaches to the analysis of creativity as a professionally important quality of the work of specialists of helping professions. On the basis of the carried out empirical study of the manifestation of creativity at different stages of training a specialist psychologist, it is concluded that it is possible to develop creative abilities and disclose the creative potential of an individual based on the content of professional activity and the variability of professional decisions when achieving professional goals.

URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1557923304.pdf
Number of views: 212      Download in PDF

full number
URL: http://ejournal20.com/journals_n/1557923312.pdf
Number of views: 223      Download in PDF

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